Matthew 28:16-20 Reflection: Understanding the Great Commission

The Great Commission, found in Matthew 28:16-20, is a passage that has inspired and guided Christians for centuries. As one of the most well-known passages in the Bible, it holds significant meaning for those who seek to follow Jesus’ teachings. In this blog post, we will examine this passage through historical, theological, and contextual lenses to better understand its importance and relevance for Christians today.


The Gospel of Matthew is the first book in the New Testament and is believed to have been written by Matthew, a disciple of Jesus. This gospel was likely penned for a Jewish-Christian audience, with an emphasis on Jesus fulfilling Old Testament prophecies. To gain a deeper understanding of Matthew 28:16-20, we must first explore the historical context of the Gospel of Matthew.

Historical Context of Matthew

Matthew’s gospel was written during a time when Israel was under Roman occupation, which greatly impacted Jewish culture and religious practices. Jesus’ teachings were considered revolutionary, challenging the status quo and the religious leaders of the day. It is within this context that Jesus delivers the Great Commission to his disciples, setting the stage for the spread of Christianity as a distinct faith.

Overview of Matthew 28:16-20

The passage in question reads:

“Then the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had told them to go. When they saw him, they worshiped him; but some doubted. Then Jesus came to them and said, ‘All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.'”

In this passage, the main themes are the Great Commission and baptism in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Great Commission is Jesus’ command to his disciples to go and make disciples of all nations, while baptism serves as a symbol of commitment to follow Jesus and become part of his kingdom.

Reflection on Matthew 28:16-20

As we reflect on this passage, several key insights emerge that can guide Christians today:

  1. The Great Commission is a clear mission for all believers: Matthew 28:16-20 emphasizes the importance of sharing the Gospel and making disciples of all nations. This is not simply about converting others to Christianity but also nurturing their faith and helping them grow in their relationship with God.
  2. Baptism is a vital part of our faith: Baptism serves as a public declaration of our commitment to follow Jesus and become part of his kingdom. It symbolizes the washing away of our old life and the beginning of a new life in Christ.
  3. Jesus promises to be with us always: As we carry out the Great Commission, we can find comfort in Jesus’ promise to be with us until the end of the age. This assurance reminds us that we are never alone in our efforts to share the Gospel and make disciples.

In conclusion, Matthew 28:16-20 offers profound guidance and inspiration for Christians seeking to live out their faith. By understanding the historical context, main themes, and messages of this passage, we can better apply its teachings to our lives and fulfill our role in spreading the Good News to the world.

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